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CBD oil is one of the most popular methods of taking CBD – and one of our favourites here at CBDOil.uk. It is made by extracting the compound, CBD from the hemp plant and then combining it with an oil to make it easy to take as well as help it to be easily absorbed into the body when it is taken.
CBD is only one of the compounds that are present in the hemp plant. Unlike its cousin compound, THC, it won’t make you high and is completely legal to buy and use in the UK.
Scientists have determined, however, that CBD is actually more effective when it is taken alongside the other compounds in the plant. This does include trace amounts of THC. In the UK, THC levels must be below 0.2% for a product to be legal, as you won’t be able to get high. Hemp that is used to create CBD products has less than 0.2% THC, making the products completely legal.
Full Spectrum CBD oil is made to contain the extract from the whole plant. It takes advantage of the entourage effect and according to scientists, it is the most effective type of CBD oil.
Broad Spectrum CBD oil is similar to the full spectrum oil – or whole plant extract in that it will contain most of the compounds in the plant. However, it should have even lower amounts of THC than the full spectrum CBD oil. Since not all of the compounds are present, broad spectrum CBD oil is likely to be less effective than full-spectrum.
CBD oil is usually taken in drops under the tongue or a spray into the mouth, allowing accurate dosage and fast absorption through the lining of the mouth, but it can also be added to food for a bit of extra goodness.
CBD capsules are another popular way to get your daily dose of CBD. We have a range of different capsules of differing strengths so that you can find the perfect dose for you. Each capsule will usually contain a specific dose of CBD and an oil that will help the CBD to be absorbed into your body.
CBD is not water-soluble, meaning that on its own, it will not easily be absorbed. By mixing it with a carrier oil such as coconut oil, MCT oil, or olive oil.
We also have CBD capsules that take advantage of the entourage effect and will, therefore, give you a dose of all of the other cannabinoids and goodness that is present in the hemp plant.
One of the benefits of taking your CBD in capsule form is that you will have a very accurate idea of how much you have taken. The packaging will tell you exactly how much CBD is in each capsule and so there is no measuring or counting involved.
Another benefit of taking your CBD in capsule form is that it will last all day.
When you take CBD in a capsule, it passes into your digestive system and gets processed in the body in the same way as anything else that you have eaten. It is broken down and passes into the bloodstream, and so can take up to about 2 hours to take effect. However, the effects of CBD capsules can last for up to about 8 hours.
CBD capsules can be built into your normal healthcare routine and taken at the same time each day along with any other vitamins or supplements making it convenient and discreet.
Taking CBD via a vapouriser is another very effective way to consume your CBD. In this instance, the CBD is infused into an e-liquid that is then heated up and its vapour inhaled. Most people who ‘vape’ their CBD will do it via an e-cigarette.
Inhaling CBD is the fasted way to get it into your bloodstream as it will go into it through your lungs – in the same way as smoking. CBD e-liquids, however, are less harmful as you aren’t inhaling tobacco or combustible paper and you are heating the compound to a lower temperature. This way the CBD will become effective almost immediately, but will also not last very long.
CBD e-liquids are a good option for those who like to vape regularly throughout the day – or, indeed, have taken some slow-release CBD in the morning (via CBD capsules, for example) and want to ‘top it up’ throughout the day.
It is less easy to accurately dose your CBD when you are inhaling it through vapour, but the effects come and go so quickly that you are able to control it this way.
CBD e-liquid will usually include other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids, so you should get the full entourage effect when it is consumed. In its ‘raw’ form, CBD and the other cannabinoids are not effective. It is only when they are heated up that they become active. A vapouriser can not only heat up the compounds to make them active, but it can also heat up the compounds to their optimum temperature for effect.
CBD e-liquids don’t smell like cigarettes or cannabis and can be done discreetly if need be. There is a range of different flavours so all that you need to do is try them out and see which ones you prefer!
We love to answer all of your questions, so we've added some frequently asked questions to help answer them.
CBD is a natural compound that is found in the cannabis plant. Unlike THC – or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, it won’t make you high when it is taken – in fact, it can have many health benefits to those who take it.
Scientists have found that CBD interacts with our endocannabinoid system – a system in the body that helps to keep it regulated and in the right environment to work well. It can help to control factors such as body temperature, inflammation and the immune system, the central nervous system and mood. The body produces its own cannabinoids (called endocannabinoids) in the system, but other cannabinoids like CBD can also interact with the system.
There is still a lot of research being carried out into exactly what health problems CBD can help with, but we know for sure that it can be used to boost our endocannabinoid system, and therefore our general health and well-being.
People have been using CBD for centuries but it is only recently that scientists have been able to break down what it is and how it specifically affects us.
CBD – or cannabidiol – is a compound in the cannabis plant that has been becoming more and more popular around the world as science is showing how it can be beneficial for the human body. We have seen some cultures and societies using cannabis for its medicinal qualities for thousands of years, but often without the scientific understanding.
Over the last few years, however, scientists have been able to break down the cannabis plant into its individual compounds, look at how each one individually affects the body when it is taken, and now create ways that we can get the beneficial qualities of the plant, but without the high that has so long been associated with cannabis.
Due to the fact that CBD comes from the cannabis plant, it can sometimes get confusing as to its legality. Of course, this will change according to where you are in the world. We are now seeing more and more countries allowing the recreational use of marijuana, meaning that CBD will automatically be legal. However, in other countries, it can be a little more complicated.
The thing about marijuana that makes it illegal is that it makes you high. In many countries (such as the UK), this is still illegal. However, now that we are able to understand the cannabis plant a little more, we can separate out the different compounds. As it is THC that makes you high – and not CBD, CBD is perfectly legal.
In the UK, the legal level of THC must be below 0.2% (0.3% in the US). This means that THC levels are so low that they won’t make you high. We have cultivated a version of the cannabis plant that has legal levels of THC and this is called ‘hemp’ – or ‘industrial hemp’ as it is sometimes known. As long as CBD products are made from industrial hemp, they will be legal in the UK.
Thanks to the science that now backs up the idea that cannabis can be useful to improve our health, it is now increasingly difficult for governments to deem all of the plants in the cannabis family to be illegal. The illegality of cannabis was down to the fact that it makes you high, so now that the plant can be broken down into compounds, we are now able to cultivate plants that have different concentrations of each cannabinoid – such as those with high CBD and low THC.
This variety of cannabis is known as hemp. It is generally a variety that has THC levels of below 0.2%. This means that any products that are made from the hemp plant will also have THC levels of below 0.2% – which is also the legal limit in the UK.
Traveling with CBD can sometimes be a little tricky. It is legal to have and to use within the EU and the US. However, this might not be the case in other countries. If you are thinking about traveling with your CBD you should make yourself aware of what the laws are in the country that you are going to as well as those that you are passing through.
You should also consider the fact that often it is difficult to tell the difference between high CBD, low THC hemp and high THC (and often illegal) marijuana.
Some authorities also don’t have the ability (or sometimes the will) to check what you are actually carrying.
It is, therefore, advisable that if you can, you buy your CBD in the country where you are going to, to avoid any kind of confusion – carrying what some countries would consider to be illegal drugs can warrant harsh punishments in some places.
The method that you choose to take your CBD really depends on the effect that you are looking for and what your personal preference is. There are four main ways that it can be taken:
– Under the tongue CBD oil
– Capsules and edibles
– CBD topicals
CBD oil taken under the tongue is quick and discreet and will come into effect within about 15 minutes. It is easy to administer through either a dropper or spray, where you would hold the oil in your mouth for 1-2 minutes, allowing the CBD to enter your bloodstream through the tiny blood vessels in the roof of your mouth.
Capsules or edibles are eaten – either in tablet form or via edibles such as gummies, drinks or other food. This can be a simple and enjoyable way to take your CBD, taking up to a couple of hours to take effect but staying in your bloodstream for up to 8 hours.
CBD vaping is when you heat up a CBD e-liquid in a vapouriser or e-cigarette and where the vapour is then inhaled. This enters your bloodstream very quickly, but will also only last for a short amount of time.
CBD topicals can come in the form of balms, gels, and creams. These can be rubbed into specific areas of the skin where you are looking for an effect. You can use as much CBD topicals as you like and as often as you like as it doesn’t go directly into your bloodstream.
Due to the fact that it is difficult to know exactly what cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids are in your CBD, it can be easy for some unscrupulous dealers to make ‘CBD products’ that aren’t what they say they are.
It is important, therefore that you can check what you are getting. Of course, one way to do this is to buy your CBD from legitimate CBD places, look at reviews and ask friends. This isn’t always easy for everyone to do, however, and one other good way to check your CBD is through a third-party certificate of analysis.
All CBD producers should provide you with a certificate analysis that gives you an accurate breakdown of all of the different cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids that are present. The certificate will give you levels of CBD and THC and should be carried out by an independent laboratory.
These should be made available to all customers, usually via the website, a scan code on the packaging or you can ask the manufacturers for a copy.
Scientists have discovered that there are hundreds of compounds in the cannabis plant and that due to the fact that it has been used for thousands of years for different functions, there is almost an infinite number of different varieties that have been created by cultivators.
The difference between the varieties is down to the range of compounds and their range of concentrations in the plant. This is why we have some cannabis plants that can make you high, others that don’t, some that are good for making rope and building materials and others that are more effective on a medicinal level than others.
Some of the compounds that are present in the cannabis plant include cannabinoids such as CBD and THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), as well as terpenes (which give the plant its aroma and are often used in aromatherapy) such as Myrcene, Terpinolene, Pinene, and Limonene, and flavonoids – which help to protect the plant and aid pollination as well as provide the colour, such as quercetin and cannaflavin A, B and C.
It is clear, therefore that when we take cannabis, the different combinations of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids can affect the body in various, different ways.
Two of the most important cannabinoids in the cannabis plant in terms of how the body is affected are CBD and THC. These two work in a similar way when they are taken, but have different effects on the body.
Most mammals have a system called the endocannabinoid system. This is a system that has only recently been discovered by scientists but is just as important to us as the other systems in the body – the digestive system, the respiratory system, and the central nervous system, for example.
The endocannabinoid system is responsible for ensuring that the body is in the right state for other functions to work. It controls aspects such as body temperature, the chemicals that affect our mood, the immune system and inflammation, and the central nervous system, for example.
This keeps our body in a state of homeostasis – or balance, ensuring that levels in our body aren’t too much, and aren’t too little.
The endocannabinoid system works through the interaction between endocannabinoids, cannabinoid receptors, and enzymes that then break down the cannabinoids. Put simply, cannabinoid receptors are located in several different places around the body, the body creates endocannabinoids when needed, which then interact with the cannabinoid receptors to send out messages to the body, and then the cannabinoids are then broken down by the enzymes. One of the most well-known of the endocannabinoids is anandamide (AEA) which can be dispatched by the body to help to reduce pain.
Cannabinoids such as CBD and THC are known as phytocannabinoids – meaning that they are cannabinoids that are made by a plant – in this case, the cannabis plant. They interact with the cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system in a similar way to the endocannabinoids, meaning that when they are taken they can help to boost the endocannabinoid system and give your general health and well-being a lift.
Although both CBD and THC are phytocannabinoids, they each have different effects on the body when they are consumed.
Within the endocannabinoid system, there are different cannabinoid receptors. In this case, the two most important are known as CB1 and CB2 receptors.
CB1 receptors are mainly concentrated in the brain but are also found in the central nervous system and digestive system.
The CB2 receptors, on the other hand, are more evenly distributed around the body, often found in immune cells, and brain neurons.
The cannabinoid, CBD, mainly interacts with the CB2 receptors, meaning that it can help to stimulate the part of the endocannabinoid system regulated by the CB2 receptors. This includes things like inflammation, skin, and mood.
THC, on the other hand, will interact with both CB1 and CB2 receptors. This does mean, however, that it can affect certain messages sent to the brain – such as one that tells it to feel ‘high’.
This doesn’t mean that THC is bad, in fact, it can be very beneficial to the body, but just that there are other consequences to its use.
It is for this reason, therefore, that medicinal marijuana is allowed to be used under certain circumstances. Scientists have discovered how THC can also be beneficial to the body and have therefore allowed some specific patients to use cannabis with higher levels of THC present.
The concept of the entourage effect is that the outcome of a group of things taken together is better than the sum of taking each thing individually. Just as you might have a rock band, whereby you have a group of excellent musicians, when they are put together, they will come up with something truly spectacular.
You could consider each compound of the cannabis plant to be each musician. On their own, they can all be effective and useful, but when they are taken all together, they can be more effective than the sum of them all put together.
It is due to this idea, that we are able to get different types of CBD oil.
Full spectrum CBD oil is a CBD oil that uses the extract of the whole plant and will contain all of the cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids that are present in the plant. With full spectrum CBD oil you will get the complete entourage effect.
Broad spectrum CBD oil is CBD oil that will have most of the cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids present, but without any THC. With broad spectrum CBD oil you will get most of the other compounds.
CBD Isolate is effectively just CBD. Although it can still be effective, you won’t get the entourage effect, but you will be safe in the knowledge that there is no THC present.
CBD oil is essentially an oil made from the extract of the hemp plant. There are two main methods of making it and some people even make it at home.
The first method is using ethanol. For the CBD and other cannabinoid molecules to become active and effective to the body they need to be heated up. This is why you cannot get the effects from just eating raw hemp. Once the plant has been heated up, the plant material is then soaked in ethanol to release the compounds.
After a certain amount of time, the plant material is then filtered out of the ethanol, and the remaining liquid is left to allow the ethanol to evaporate. The ethanol method is a great way to get good, pure CBD oil that can be certified as organic. Ethanol is, however extremely flammable and can, therefore, pose a risk to those who use it.
The other main extraction method is through the use of Carbon Dioxide. This method is also known as the ‘supercritical carbon dioxide method’ and works using the same process as decaffeinating coffee.
This is the process that produces the purest and best quality CBD oil and involves cooling carbon dioxide to a state where it is both liquid and gas, and then mixed with the plant material. It then passes through a separator where the chosen compounds are taken out and left in. This means that producers can decide on what they want in their CBD oil – whether to want to completely eliminate THC, for example.
The supercritical CO2 method is more expensive to carry out and get the equipment for but is also seen as favorable for many people.
If you are trying CBD for the first time it can be tricky to know how much to take. Everybody has different bodies and needs different amounts to get the effect that they are looking for.
It is recommended that the first time that you try CBD, you first speak to your doctor. It can sometimes affect the way that enzymes break down some other medication in your body, changing how effective they are.
The first time that you try CBD you should start off with a very small dose that you gradually increase over a few days until you get to the right effect that you are looking for. CBD has the effect of being biphasic meaning that its effects can change according to the levels of CBD that you have taken.
When you get to the point at which you feel that the CBD is being most effective for you, this is when to stop.
CBD oil can be stored and kept effective for a long time if it is kept properly. There should be instructions on the packaging regarding the best way to look after your CBD products, but generally, they should be kept in a cool, dark and dry place.